Painter and etcher, Brebiette was born in Mantes-sur-Seine and lived and worked in Italy, much of the time in Rome, from 1617 to circa 1625. Many of his etchings and some of his drawings have been preserved, but so far only one of his signed paintings has been positively identified and widely accepted as his work. That work, an oil on canvas entitled The Rape of Proserpina by Pluto, is now in the Picot collection within the collections of the Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie de Châlons-en-Champagne. Brebiette's paintings were popular enough in the mid-17th century to inspire at least ten known engravings marked as having been designed based upon his paintings. While some of the themes of Brebiette's works are biblical, based upon the remaining engravings of his paintings by others and etchings by his own hand, he seems to have mainly chosen classical Greco-Roman mythology for his topics.